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C Wang, DB Collins, RF Hems, N Borduas-Dedekind… – Environmental Science & …, 2018
Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto


Cigarette smoke is an important source of particles and gases in the indoor environment. In this work, aging of side-stream cigarette smoke was studied in an environmental chamber via exposure to ozone (O3), hydroxyl radicals (OH) and indoor fluorescent lights. Aerosol mass concentrations increased by 13–18% upon exposure to 15 ppb O3 and by 8–42% upon exposure to 0.45 ppt OH. Ultrafine particle (UFP) formation was observed during all ozone experiments, regardless of the primary smoke aerosol concentration (185–1950 μg m–3). During OH oxidation, however, UFP formed only when the primary particle concentration was relatively low (<130 μg m–3) and the OH concentration was high (∼1.1 × 107 molecules cm–3). Online aerosol composition measurements show that oxygen- and nitrogen- containing species were formed during oxidation. Gas phase oxidation of NO to NO2 occurred during fluorescent light exposure, but neither primary particle growth nor UFP formation were observed. Overall, exposure of cigarette smoke to ozone will likely lead to UFP formation in indoor environments. On the other hand, UPF formation via OH oxidation will only occur when OH concentrations are high (∼107 molecules cm–3), and is therefore less likely to have an impact on indoor aerosol associated with cigarette smoke.

… The wavelength 112 dependence of the photon flux inside the chamber was measured using a spectroradiometer (StellarNet 113 Inc.) for both the UV-B and fluorescent lights as shown in Figure S2 in the supporting information.

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